Argumenta – Journal of Analytic Philosophy


Logical and Ontological Issues in the Manifest and the Scientific Images: An Introduction [Special Issue]

Issue: Issue 16 • Author/s: Francesco Orilia, Mario Alai, Ernesto Graziani
Topics: Epistemology, Metaphysics, Ontology, Philosophy of language, Philosophy of science, Theoretical philosophy

Cohabiting with the Logical Paradoxes: A Negative Assessment and a Proposal [Special Issue]

Issue: Issue 16 • Author/s: Riccardo Bruni, Francesco Orilia
Topics: Epistemology, Logic, Metaphysics, Philosophical logic, Philosophy of language, Theoretical philosophy

At the commonsensical level of the manifest image, we seem to take for granted logical laws of all sorts, including classical logic (CL) and naive principles of truth and predication (TP), which, however, generate logical paradoxes such as the liar, Russell’s paradox and Curry’s paradox. The formal logic of the scientific image comes to the rescue by proposing many competing formal systems that restore consistency, by sacrificing either principles of CL or principles of TP. We wish to explore a different path, which aims at saving both CL and TP,…

In Defense of Irreducible Relations [Special Issue]

Issue: Issue 16 • Author/s: Francesco Orilia, Michele Paolini Paoletti
Topics: Epistemology, Logic, Metaphysics, Ontology, Philosophy of language

At least since Russell, mainstream analytic philosophy has distinguished internal and external relations and acknowledged the existence of both. This seems in line with both the manifest and scientific images of the world. However, there is a recent deflationary trend about relations, which focuses on the truthmakers of relational statements in order to show that putative external relations are in fact internal, and that internal relations do not really exist. Lowe’s posthumous 2016 paper is a thorough presentation of this line of thought. This article critically analyzes Lowe’s arguments in…